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Table of Contents: Volume 15; Issue 10; October 2023

Life Sciences

  1. Dr. Riya Rose Mathew, Dr. Abiya Elsa Mathew , Dr. Mareena Mathew, Lijo Joseph Thomas and Dr. Beena, P.

    Migraine is a common type of headache. Its symptoms can lasts for days and disrupt ability to perform basic, daily tasks and in turn affects the physical, emotional and social aspects of life. It is a recurrent, severe headache that interferes with normal functioning and quality of life . This prospective observational study was conducted to evaluate and compare the effectiveness and safety flunarizine(10mg), calcium channel antagonist, and propranolol(40mg) in the prophylaxis of migraine with or without aura. This Study included 70 patients of migraine and was divided into 2 treatment groups.

  2. K.R.M. Swamy

    Proso millet belongs to the Family Poaceae, Subfamily Panicoideae, Genus Panicum and Species Panicum miliaceum L. Its most popular common name ‘proso millet’ comes from the pan-Slavic general and generic name for millet (Croatian: proso, Serbian: просо). The vernacular names Chena, Barri (Hindi), Vari (Marathi), Baragu (Kannada), Variga (Telugu), Pani Varagu (Tamil), Cheena (Bengali), Cheno (Gujrati), Bacharibagmu, china bachari bagmu (Oriya), Cheena (Punjabi). Proso millet has a chromosome number of 2n = 36 with basic chromosome number of x = 9. It is suggested that proso millet may have allotetraploid origins with Panicum capillare (or a close relative) as a maternal ancestor and the other genome coming from Panicum repens based on its nuclear and chloroplast genomes. Proso millet is still widely considered as a self-pollinated crop despite the possibility of natural cross-pollination. Proso millet is not easily amenable to crossing and hybridisation due to smaller size of inflorescence and high rate of self pollination. Proso millet seeds exhibit a variety of colours, from white, cream, yellow, orange, red, black, to brown and are generally smaller than pearl millet seeds. Proso millet is a C4 crop with short-duration grown for food and forage purposes and can efficiently fix carbon under drought conditions, high temperatures, and limited nitrogen and carbon dioxide. Proso millet is an annual cereal crop domesticated approximately 10,000 years ago in the semiarid regions of China. It is primarily grown in India, Nigeria, Niger, and China. Proso millet is used in Europe and North America as fodder and birdseed despite its highly nutritive and health-promoting benefits. Due to the crop's remarkably high water-use efficiency and short growing season (60–100 days), it can escape drought. These attributes also make it suitable for crop rotation. Proso millet grows well on marginal lands with low input and water. Proso millet has been used as a rotational crop in the winter wheat-fallow cropping system in the western Great Plains of the USA owing to its high water-use efficiency. This practice not only prevents the loss of organic matter from the no-till soil but also reduces weed and disease pressure. Regardless of the impeccable environmental and health benefits of proso millet, it remains as an under researched and underutilized crop. There are more than 29,000 germplasm collections of proso millet conserved worldwide. China, India, Russia, and Ukraine have the key collections. The development of proso millet cultivars which are high yielding, lodging and seed-shattering tolerant, direct combine-ready and nutrient enriched, would promote its increased cultivation, and use in the food industry. In India, there are currently 24 varieties of proso millet. Varieties released in India through hybridization are 25% of all proso millet varieties. Majority of the varieties have been developed through selection from landraces. India is the largest producer of millets in the world, producing 11.64 million tonnes. In India, important states cultivating the crop are Madhya Pradesh, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka. Proso millet is ready for harvest after 65-75 days of sowing in most of the varieties. Harvest the crop when it is about to mature. The seeds in the tip of upper heads ripe and shatter before the lower seeds and later panicles get matured. 10-15 q grain and 30-40 q of fresh straw per ha under rainfed condition can be obtained. In this review article on Origin, Domestication, Taxonomy, Botanical Description, Genetics and Cytogenetics, Genetic Diversity, Breeding, Uses, Nutritional Value and Health Benefits of Proso Millet are discussed.

  3. Shubhangi P Patil, Guruprasad Mavlankar and Rajendra R Tayade

    This work explores the synthesis and characterization of nanocellulose extracted from sugarcane bagasse. Sugarcane bagasse is an abundant agricultural waste material that is typically discarded. However, it contains a high amount of cellulose, making it a promising source for the production of nanocellulose. The work describes the process of extracting and purifying the cellulose from sugarcane bagasse using a combination of mechanical and chemical treatments.Following that, the produced nanocellulose is examined using a variety of analytical methods, including X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy.. The results show that the nanocellulose obtained from sugarcane bagasse has high crystallinity and a uniform fiber size distribution. These findings suggest that sugarcane bagasse could be a cost-effective and sustainable source of nanocellulose for various applications in industries such as packaging, textiles, and biomedical engineering.

  4. K.R.M. Swamy

    Little millet belongs to the family Poaceae, sub-family Panicoideae, tribe Paniceae, Genus Panicum Species Panicum sumatrense. Little millet (Panicum sumatrense Roth. Ex. Roemer and Schultes) is grown in India under various agro ecological situations. The time to maturity for most cultivars is about 90 days. Little millet is grown throughout India up to altitudes of 2100 m, but it has only a little importance in different places. Little millet is a tetraploid with 2n = 4x = 36. Little millet matures quickly and withstands both drought and water logging. Less genetic diversity occurs in the world collections of this species than appears among the other species and the grains are similar to that of rice. Any recipe made with staple rice can be prepared using little millets with similar taste. Perhaps very little of this species is grown outside of India. Little millet is commonly available across the country as a whole grain. Millet flour can be procured from certain sources or more commonly could be made at home. Practically devoid of grain storage pests, the little millets have indefinite storage life. Little millet has a significant role in providing nutraceutical components such as phenols, tannins and phytates along with other nutrients. Little millet is cooked like rice. Sometimes the millet is also milled and baked. The protein content of the grain is 7.7%. The English names for little millet are Indian millet, Tribal millet and small millet. Little millet is reported to be predominantly grown in the eastern parts of India, where it forms part of tribal agriculture. Little millet is known for the highest content of crude fibre in its grains. Little millet is one of the small millets commonly known as ‘kutki’ in Hindi, ‘samai’ in Tamil, ‘same’ in Kannada and ‘samalu’ in Telugu. As these millets are smaller in size, they cook faster than rice and other millets. Little millets could be milled into flour for making roti, baked and fried items.The whole grains can be sprouted and used in salads. Dosa, upma, kichidi, tomato rice, lemon rice, curd rice, porridge, chakli, payasam, halwa and kesari are few traditional recipes prepared in different millet growing states in India. Little millet is native to India and is also called Indian millet. It is mainly grown in the Caucasus, China, East Asia, India, and Malaysia. Little millets are nutritious, healthy and versatile with similar comparison to other cereals and can be a worthy addition to diet. Little millet based value added products could enhance the income, empowers millet farmers and nutrition in rural India. The dehusked grain of little millets is cooked like rice and eaten. In parts of South India, the grain is processed very similar to the parboiling of rice. Often, roti and porridge are made and consumed. It is also made into flour, used for making puddings or cakes. In India, little millet growing states are Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra and Gujarat. In Gujarat, generally little millet crop is grown in hilly tract of The Dangs and Valsad district and locally known as “Vari or Moraio”. Little millet is a hardy crop which can withstand drought better than most of other cereal crops and water logging to a certain degree, also. The potentiality of little millet has not been exploited in India and the yield levels are very low there by indicating a greater scope for exploitation of this millet under Indian condition. Mutation breeding was used as one of the strategy in addition to conventional breeding methods for genetic improvement of little millet. Mutation breeding was used as complement approach to conventional breeding methods for genetic improvement of little millet. In this review article on Origin, Domestication, Taxonomy, Botanical Description, Genetics and Cytogenetics, Genetic Diversity, Breeding, Uses, Nutritional Value and Health Benefits of Little Millet are discussed.

  5. Savita Sonkar and Prof. Dr. Ajay Kumar Gupta

    Ayurveda, the science of life, evolved from the quest of man to have a happy life, through a deep understanding of evolution, creation and its maintenance, perceived by the Maharishis of ancient India. The progressive establishment of scientific Ayurveda began in the Vedic period. It is a traditional healthcare system of Indian medicine since ancient times. Several Ayurvedic medicines are being exploited for management of various diseases in human beings. Among these various diseases Bhagandar roga is one important ailment with gradually increasing incidence in present era. It is a condition that commonly affects Bhaga, Guda, and Basti Pradesh, which starts as Pidika then suppurates in due course of time menifests as Bhagandar roga. This disease is closely associated with Perianal fistula. Fistula is a frequent benign anorectal condition with major clinical manifestations of local pain, inflammation, sero-purulent discharge and distressful patient quality of life. The most common cause is nearly always by a previous anorectal abscess. It is a burning issue with a high proportion of cases in India, and there is still no convinced solution in modern surgery. Among all parasurgical techniques, Kshar-Sutra Parasurgical process has shown to be most effective in treating anorectal fistulas. Kshar-Sutra is a preliminary exploration of sphincter sparing technology. It works by the action of excision, scraping, draining, penetrating, debridement and healing. During the past decades, several Ayurvedic medicated thread have been investigated with respect to Physio-chemical standardization, pharmacological effect, safety and efficacy. In this regard, an attempt has been made to explore characteristics of three different drugs for preparation of a new Kshar-Sutra.

  6. Saravanaraja, M., Arunadevi P.S. SampathKumar K. and Hemamalini, R.

    Leucasaspera is a short green and highly branched herb belongs to family labiatae and order tubiflorae. In India, Chiloinfus catellus is a major pest of sugarcane fields. It is very much essential to find out controlling approaches for this pest for greater manufacture of sugarcane. The present study indented to use the herb Leucasaspera to control the major sugar cane pest yellow stem borer i.e. Chiloinfuscatellus. Quantitative analysis of ethanol extract of Leucasaspera revealed the presence of tannin, flavonoids, protein, saponins, steroids, alkaloids and carbohydrates. The percentage of larval mortality was higher in ethanol extracts than the water extract. Results clearly indicates the lethality of the extracts on soft bodied third instar larva. Leucasaspera have the larvicidal and pupicidal activity due to presence of phytochemical compounds like Limonene and β-caryophyllene. They are also responsible for ecdysal failure and mortality. Percentage of adult emergence of C. infescatellus in ethanol extracts of L. aspera are clearly proved that L. aspera devastatingly destroys the life stages of the pest C. infescatellus. The results clearly proved that ethanol extracts ofL. aspera devastatingly destroys the life stages of the pest C. infescatellus. However, water extract is not much effective when compared to ethanol extracts. Which literally stated that water is not suitable solvent to extract the chemical constituents of the plant L. aspera. Thus the current study clearly demonstrate the role of local herb on control of a pest of native crop. However, field observations suggested usage of chemical and other modern farming techniques reduce the diversity of native herb like L. aspera which are potential alternative botanical pesticides. The study explore the value of the herb and suggest the farmers who are intended to follow the modern chemical based techniques to protective potential natural resources.

  7. K.R.M. Swamy

    Browntop millet belongs to the Family Poaceae, Subfamily Panicoideae, Genus Urochloa and Species Urochloa ramose L. Stopf; Panicum ramosum L. In several parts of India, brown top millet is known by local names which translate to “illegal wife of little millet [Panicum sumatrense],” reflecting its tendency to grow within fields of little millet as a mimic weed. It is also known as signal grass or Dixie signal grass and is considered as one of the rare millet. It is named differently in Indian languages as bennakki, benne akki, korale, karlakki, and kadu-baragu, branched or chaduru korale , round panicle/dundu korale in Kannada; anda korra, eduru gaddi , pala pul, Kuthiravali in Tamil; chama pothaval, varagu in Malayalam; and makra, murat in Hindi; and pedda-sama, andakorra in Telugu. Browntop millet (BTM) is small-seeded annual grass cultivated as grain crop, primarily on the marginal lands in dry areas in temperate, subtropical and tropical regions. It is increasingly receiving attention of the scientific community. Amongst different small millets, browntop millet has drawn the attention of health conscious customers very lately and it’s of high priced coarse cereals in the retail market. In India during the Neolithic age, brown-top millet was grown as a subsistence crop and used as a grain and forage. Historical evidence (archaeo-botanical researches from the Neolithic south Indian sites) indicates that the early occurrence or first domestication of BTM was during the pre-historical period. It grew on the Deccan of southern parts of India from where it traveled to other parts of the country. This millet was present in the staple-crop fields as a weed alongside other crops in southern India from beginning of the third millennium BCE. During the second millennium BCE it reached to Gujarat and Tamil Nadu. Browntop millet is a warm season annual grass that is a heavy seed producer. This millet seed is grown in a variety of soils and climates. Browntop millet is used as a wild life food plot crop, livestock summer grazing crop, for erosion control, hay production and as a food grain crop. Under ideal conditions seed will germinate within five days and forage or seed will be ready to harvest within two months time. Browntop millet is an effective nurse crop, much like oats, in stabilizing erosive hill slopes and providing cover for slower growing target species to become established. With the ability to easily reseed and that seed to remain viable in the soil profile for years, makes browntop millet an excellent regenerating food plot for wild life. It was reported that the grain yield of browntop millet without any fertilizer was only 3.95 q/ha. However, by using the combination of organic manure and inorganic fertilizer the grain yield of BTM increased to 7.38 q/ha. The cultivation of browntop is simple but processing is difficult due to the hard outer cover of the seed. As a result, farmers get only 40-50kg of rice from one quintal of browntop/korale seeds. Earlier grinding stones were used to separate the grain from the seed. Today, grinding stones have almost disappeared and korale seeds are processed in the flour mills that process finger millet. The size of korale rice is also very small and separation of stones is difficult. Hence, processing has become a bottleneck for farmers, and efforts are on to design improved processing machines. In this review article on Origin, Domestication, Taxonomy, Botanical Description, Genetics and Cytogenetics, Genetic Diversity, Breeding, Uses, Nutritional Value and Health Benefits of Browntop Millet are discussed.

  8. Priyanka Singh, Ramesh Chandra Tripathi and Shivesh Pratap Singh

    Background The zooplanktons play a major role of converting phytoplankton in to food, suitable for fish and aquatic animals. Hence qualitative and quantitative studies of zooplankton are of very important. The Narayan talab of Satna city has been selected for the present study. Water of this talab is major source of domestic purpose for the population and also utilized for pisciculture, washing of vehicles, cattle’s, cloths and disposal of domestic sewage. Method: The samples were collected on the monthly basis and identified using standard book from December 2015 to November 2017. The present study was design and carried out in the laboratory of Zoology in the Government PG College Satna. In this study we have analyzed seasonal variation of zooplankton in Narayan talab. Interpretation and conclusion: The occurrence of Zooplanktons were dominant in the following increasing order- Winter: Rotifera> Ostracoda> Cladocera>Copepoda> Protozoa. Summer: Rotifera> Copepoda> Ostracoda> Cladocera>Protozoa. Monsoon: Copepoda > Ostracoda> Cladocera> Rotifera >Protozoa. Post monsoon Cladocera >Copepoda> Rotifera > Ostracoda>Protozoa.

  9. K.R.M. Swamy

    Sorghum belongs to the Family Poaceae, Subfamily Panicoideae, Supertribe Andropogonodae, Tribe Andropogoneae, Subtribe Saccharinae, Genus Sorghum and Species Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. Taxonomically it was first described by Linnaeus in 1753 under the name Holcus. Originally he delineated several species of Holcus, some of which have been later moved to the tribe Avenae, where the generic name Holcus now belongs. In 1794, Moench distinguished the genus Sorghum from genus Holcus. It is a grass species cultivated for its grain, which is used for food for humans, animal feed, and ethanol production. Sorghum is native to Ethiopia. Seventeen of the 25 species are native to Australia, with the range of some extending to Africa, Asia, Mesoamerica, and certain islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. All the cultivated sorghum taxa of the world have been classified by inflorescence type, grain and glumes into five races (Durra, Bicolor, Caudatum, Kaffir and Guinea) and intermediates involving all of the pair-wise combinations of the basic races. Sorghum is considered as an often cross-pollinated species, with out-crossing up to 6 % depending on the genotype and growing conditions. There are four main types of sorghum viz., Grain sorghum, Forage sorghum, Sweet sorghum and Biomass sorghum. Fruit is a caryopsis (grain) partially covered by glumes, round and bluntly pointed consists of embryo; endosperm and seed coat consists of pericarp and testa. Coleoptiles and roots emerge from the germinating seeds. Sorghum grain is used for human food and as feed for animals; the plant stem and foliage are used for green chop, hay, silage, and pasture. In some areas the stem is used as building material, and plant remains (after the head is harvested) may be used for fuel. It is a C4 plant with higher photosynthetic efficiency and higher abiotic stress tolerance adapted to a range of environments around the world. Its small genome makes sorghum an attractive model for studying the functional genomics of C4 grasses. Drought tolerance makes sorghum especially important in dry regions such as northeast Africa (its center of diversity), India, and the southern plains of the United States. Genetic variation for micronutrient concentration and its ability to absorb, translocate, and accumulate higher micronutrients in grain makes it an important model for biofortification research. Its high level of inbreeding makes it an attractive association genetics system. Sorghum is one of the cheapest sources of energy and micronutrients, and a vast majority of the population in sub-Saharan Africa and India depend on it for their dietary energy and micronutrient requirement. Sorghum provides more than 50 % of the dietary micronutrients, particularly Fe and Zn, to the low-income group, particularly in rural India where both physical and economic access to nutrient-rich foods is limited. Thus, sorghum is a unique crop with multiple uses as food, feed, fodder, fuel, and fiber. The crop improvement methods depend on the pollination control mechanisms and cultivar options. As mentioned earlier, sorghum is a breeder-friendly crop. One can employ the breeding methods that can be used to improve both self- and cross-pollinated crops with ease in sorghum. This is the reason why one can find sorghum pure line varieties, hybrids, and populations as cultivar options in different parts of the world. Nearly all grain sorghum is harvested as a standing crop with a combine. Combining time will depend on the fall weather and the availability of grain drying facilities. Sorghum grain can be threshed free of the head when the seed moisture is 20-25 percent. The seed is hysiologically mature at even higher moisture levels. The grain sorghum crop can be harvested for high-moisture grain silage. When fed to livestock, its digestibility will be increased by grinding or rolling. High moisture grain sorghum can be combined and ensiled when the grain is about 25-30% moisture. In the early stages of plant growth, some sorghum species may contain levels of hydrogen cyanide, hordenine, and nitrates lethal to grazing animals. Plants stressed by drought or heat can also contain toxic levels of cyanide and nitrates at later stages in growth. In this review article on Origin, Domestication, Taxonomy, Botanical Description, Genetics and Cytogenetics, Genetic Diversity, Breeding, Uses, Nutritional Value and Health Benefits of Sorghum are discussed.

  10. Kouamé Marcel N’DRI, Yao Laurent ALLA, Moustapha DIABY and Dramane DIOMANDE

    Ivorian national fish production remains low for an ever-growing population. In order to contribute to the improvement of fish production, this study aims to determine the effect of the type of farming circuits on the growth performance and survival of catfish fry. To do that, two batches (Closed circuit and Open circuit) of 30 subjects each were made up with 150 L tanks and monitored for 5 weeks. Each batch was tested in duplicate and the subjects were fed with Koudijs commercial food titrated to 47% protein at a rate of 10 g/d per tank. Weekly samplings were carried out by taking 15 individuals per tank for weighing and individual measurements. The results showed that weight growth, ADG, survival and biomass were improved (26.46 g ± 9.08 g; 1.74 ± 0.65 g/d; 95.00 ± 2.36% 537.25 ± 101.51 g) in fry reared in a closed circuit. Conversely, fry conducted in an open circuit obtained relatively low values with an average weight of 15.08 g ± 6.74 g, an ADG of 0.50 ± 0.15 g/d, a survival rate of 90.00 ± 4.71% and a biomass of 309.28 ± 81.67 g. All in all, closed circuit farming should be favored.

  11. Tahera Banu, Arpita Gope, Jayeeta Khanrah and Anjali Rawani

    The perennial legume Cajanus cajan (L), also known as the Bengali Tur, Hindi Arhar, English Pigeon Pea, and Sanskrit Adhaki, is widely grown around the world in tropical and semitropical climates. Red gram is mostly produced and consumed in India. It has a high quantity of proteins and essential amino acids including methionine, lysine, and tryptophan and is both a food crop and a cover/probe crop. It has been conventionally used in various medicinal practices for the treatment of different pabulum. The plant has been traditionally used to treat a range of ailments, including cough, fever, diarrhea and skin infections. Modern research has also shown that pigeon pea may have potential in the treatment of diabetes, hypertension, and cancer. These are attributed to its various phytochemical ingredients similar as alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids etc. In addition to general information, this review paper provides an account of the pharmacological effects, clinical trials, and biological conditioning of each part of the plant Cajanus cajan.

  12. S. Tanwar, N. Kumar, L. Kumar, Hameed Mohammad, M. Osman, 4M. Ishaq and S. A. H. Naqvi

    The human genome encodes more than fifty-seven functional Cytochrome P450 proteins and mainly five isomers (CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6 and CYP3A4) account for 90% of drug metabolism. This accounting changes from the liver to intestinal and other extra-hepatic organs. Most are found on the endoplasmic reticulum of eukaryotic cells, but few are localized primarily in mitochondria. The majority of these are involved in metabolism for biotransformation of many drugs, environmental pollutants, steroids, fatty acids, bile acids, fat soluble vitamins as well as in activation of several carcinogens. Cytochrome P450 isomers are a super family of HEME protein enzymes which differ in their substrate specificity. They are influenced by numerous factors including age, sex, nutrition as well as exposure to certain CYP inducers. The HEME iron catalyzes cleavage of O-O bond leaving an iron linked oxygen atom that provides potent oxidant. The special features of CYP family of enzymes are ability to metabolize multiple substrates which differ in size, shape and stereochemistry. 1, 3, 4 Thiadiazole and its derivatives represents one of the most biological active classes of compound possessing a wide spectrum of activities. Literature survey shows that the 1,3,4 Thiadiazole nucleus is associated with diverse pharmacological activities such as antifungal, antibacterial, anti- inflammatory, anticancer, anti-tubercular, antiviral and anti-parkinsonism. We have attempted with the help of Virtual Screening and Molecular Docking approach to study the binding mode of 1,3,4 Thiadiazole on Cytochrome P450. A study of around 3500 derivatives has been conducted and the binding energies were in the range of -9.13 kcal/mol to -2.63 kcal/mol. As of structure analysis 20 molecules showed better binding affinities with the active site Thr302. Our study gives an idea about the interaction between the active site residues and the substrate which is explained on the basis of size & hydrophobicity of the binding pocket. The study provides hints for future design of drugs with higher potency and specificity.

Physical Sciences and Engineering

  1. Tarik KELLAF and Fouad NAOUI

    The emergence of the blockchain has generated very strong echoes in the banking and financial sector. The launch of related projects by major banks on an international scale confirms its potential, while the successive declarations of Bank Al Maghreb as a Central Bank regulator corroborate its interest. In order to better understand its future – likely disruptive – impact on the business model of banks, we will first clarify the public perception of blockchain and identify the misconceptions that often cause confusion between blockchain as a technology and cryptocurrency. Despite the lack of popularization of this topic and empirical studies, this study focuses on the expected reaction of banks and their strategies to be implemented in such a complex situation subject to different variables. The literature review, the observation and the monitoring of Fintech solutions highlight a conflicting situation in the sector that requires strategies of balance and convergence of interests to be adopted by banks and also a coopetition between banks and Fintech in the face of accelerated technological and competitive change.

  2. Destin Gemetone Etou, Vivien Romaric Ekouele Mbaki, Alain Symphorien Ndongo and Christian Tathy

    This article looks at how house-building projects are carried out by companies operating in the Republic of Congo's informal construction sector. This sector is fuelled by the high demand for housing among the population as a result of demographic pressure and the lack of a housing policy on the part of the public authorities. These companies, which are considered to be the most numerous, apply a non-regulatory management system to the production of housing. The survey carried out in this so-called informal sector enabled us to understand the organisational methods and difficulties encountered by these companies. Very active in the construction of single-storey and two-storey (R+1 and R+2) houses, this sector employs a workforce that is mostly young and lacking in professional qualifications, consisting mainly of labourers or "tâcherons". They assess and plan projects, often on the basis of experience, having worked alongside construction specialists (engineers or architects) or having carried out the same type of work somewhere else.

  3. Hu Jie

    Active participation in organizational activities is a key determinant in enhancing students' leadership skills, offering them a dynamic platform to foster proactive learning and leadership acumen. Guided by the Positive Youth Development (PYD) framework, this research delved into the relationship between sports organization climates and college students' leadership prowess, shedding light on the influence of the former on the latter. With an emphasis on examining the impact of different facets of sports organization climate on students' leadership attributes, a correlational research design was employed, encapsulating responses from 569 participants through a researcher-crafted questionnaire probing the sports organization climate and students’ leadership capabilities. Results revealed moderate engagement levels in aspects such as Perceived Autonomy (M=3.04, SD=0.68), Social Support (M=3.13, SD=0.69), and Performance (M=3.11, SD=0.68) within the organizational climate. Leadership skills, particularly Problem Solving and Decision-Making (M=3.09, SD=0.66), Initiative and Innovation (M=3.12, SD=0.68), and Empathy and Emotional Intelligence (M=3.11, SD=0.66), exhibited moderate manifestations. Significantly, a very strong positive correlation was identified between student organization climate and leadership skills (Pearson r=0.93, P<0.000), substantiating the importance of the organizational environment in fostering leadership. Building on these insights, the "FRANK Student Leaders Program" was conceptualized, aiming to be a cornerstone in promoting and nurturing leadership skills among students.

  4. Chen Yijing, Huangjin, Yu Chunwei

    In this work, a pyrene derivative P was synthesized and characterized as an Al3+-selective fluorescent probe. The addition of Al3+ to the solution of P in ethanol caused an obvious fluorescent enhancement at 399 nm.

  5. Dr. Ștefana – Roxana Stoica

    Background: Notions of composition are present in decorative design in order to create a correct ornamentation in terms of compositional principles, but they also represent the parameters that a designer must follow to create the design of the decoration. Aim of the study: The aim of the study highlight the importance knowledge of both technical and aesthetic principles in creating a correct and complex design with elements of novelty. Methods: Collecting and researching notions, ways and possibilities by which a design product can be created while respecting decorative compositional principles, but also taking into account technical ones. Results: The technique of making fabrics is determined by the capacity and limitations of the available machinery. Thus, the aesthetic and technical sides of a project work together to find the optimal solution for designing and implementing the decoration. The rigour of technical design involving calculations based on how to combine ornamental ratios, their dimensions and scaling, and the need to conceive a new or reinterpreted decorative design, make the designer more motivated to find the optimal solution, at the basis of which lies his creativity. The dimensions and ergonomics of the object to be decorated are important to take into account when scaling the decorative design, but also the way of assigning shades to the elements of the composition are imperative to establish before starting the actual weaving. Disussion and Conclusion: According to this research, sometimes overlooking the technical limitations of the machines, the designer's ability to mould himself to the concrete things and his ability to think the design correctly from the point of view of the final compositional aspect stands out.

  6. Rabindra Kumar Mishra, Priyadarshini Panda and Ganugula Naveen Kumar

    Our study shows that in addition to proportion and position of the 5p deletion, of the factors may alter the brain function of patients with the 5p deletion. cri du chat syndrome, or 5p deletion syndrome, is a raremedicalconditionthataffects1in50,000newborn. Mental illness depends on the approximate proportion and position ofthe5pdeletion, but in most cases the mental illness is a normal negative for the 5p deletion. He has a soft, gentle voice like a cat. One of the characteristics of new burns is a loud catchy, and this is often considered a diagnosis of illness. However, meowing behaviour observed in individuals whose deletion was limited to 5p15.3 but without the dysmorphic and growth –like condition. Although the size of the deletion varies, in anycasethemainpart deleted is 5p15.2 This paper suggests the type of chemical compound to support the behaviour of the patient includes loudcrying, psychomotor retardation, microcephaly, growth retardation, and craniofacial abnormalities including round face, protrusion, broad nasal bridge and downward-sloping palpebral fissures. We present Some clinical features such as elongated face, large stoma and scoliosis have been reported. This study provide drug, MR level, population genetic and telomere length. Diagnos is may be difficult in some patients with advanced age at first presentation. Some of these have craniofacial features similar to Angelman syndrome. Patients of ten experi encetrauma, self-harm, and violence

  7. Bhupendra Pal and Meenakshi

    Magnesium oxysulfate cement is a type of Sorel’s cement and it does not require any type of energy whether heat or light, making it an eco-friendly binding substance. Non- hydraulic Magnesium oxysulfate cement has many superior properties to that of ordinary Portland cement. Magnesium oxysulfate cement draws much research interest due to energy saving and environmental protection consideration. In spite of a variety of advantages, its commercial use is limited due to its low early strength and poor water resistance. In this study, the effect of soapstone powder on setting times, weathering effect, compressive strength, moisture ingress, and linear changes has been comprehensively investigated. The results show that strength and water resistance increases while setting time decreases by adding soapstone powder in different percentages.

  8. Dr. Amna Mohamed Bashir Maryoud and Dr. Ibrahim M. Eltom Ibrahim

    Vegetation cover condition is a dynamic natural event associated with the characteristics of seasonal rainfall. Based on its occurrence, the greenings can indicate the level of wetness and dryness as the soil moisture is highly related to its intensity. The impact of climate variability in North Sudan is likely to be greatest since the 1984 severe drought that left its continuous stresses. Most parts of North Sudan are experiencing dramatic changes in land cover at different scales spatially and temporally. Historical field survey methods for assessing and monitoring land cover conditions are no longer used since the emergence of spatial and digital techniques such as remote sensing and GIS. Remote sensing (RS) has a massive utility for applications, including assessing and monitoring land surface cover conditions. This paper aims to apply one of the potentially widely used spectral indices (NDVI) calculated by using NIR and Red bands. Landsat-8 data will be accessible from USGS Explorer free image download, which will constitute the primary inputs. The area of interest is a part of North Kordofan State in the Western Sudan zone (175/50-175/51-176/50-176/51) to a spatial extent. The expected results will be a set of NDVI maps that shows the NDVI values variability between (-1 and +1) concerning land surface greening conditions and reclassified maps (five classes) depending on values lower and upper limits.

Health Sciences

  1. Leonard Van Zanten

    This essay is a journey into the nature of heat and expansion how, and why, and by what these come about. Unless similar essays have been read all of this will be new, as in previously unheard of. It therefore should be interesting as well as educational.

  2. Babénoun LARE and Lardja KANATI

    It is a fact that the phenomenon of teenage pregnancies is progressing to the point of becoming, in the words of Khiari, "not a problem of society, but a problem in society" (Billy D. A., 214, p.2) The precocity of teenage pregnancies in Togo compromises or prevents these teenagers being kept or retained in the education system, thus reducing their potential to contribute to achieving the demographic dividend. Teenage girls in the prefecture of Tandjoaré in northern Togo are no exception to this reality. The objective of this article aims to analyze the factors that expose adolescent girls to early fecundity. A mixed methodology (quantitative and qualitative) was used. The survey covers 74 teenage mothers and interviews with resource persons. The teenage mothers were randomly selected from seven localities in the prefecture of Tandjaoré. The data collected was processed and analyzed using Cspro and arcgis software for maps. It appears that the early fertility of adolescent girls is due to the precociousness of their engaging in sexual activities (23% before the age of 15 and 95% before the age of 17), the weakening of parental control and traditional considerations or norms, the lack of information and education in matters of sexuality, a low percentage (8%) of use of contraceptive methods. It should also be added to the above factors, precarious economic conditions of households and the low level of education of young girls. About 61% of respondents are illiterate versus only 0.57% who have schooled beyond secondary education level.

  3. Justin Atiang Beshel, Favour Nyoh Beshel,, Idara Asuquo Okon Eyuwa Ignatius Agwupuye and Daniel Udofia Owu

    Many herbal concoctions are criticized for causing electrolyte imbalance and kidney damage. This research understudied the kidney handling of two fractions of Gongronema latifolium, a leaf with reputable medical reports on serum electrolytes and kidney architecture of normal Wistar rats. Eighten (18) male Wistar rats were divided into three groups of six rats each. Group 1, the control group, was administered 0.9% normal saline placebo. Group 2 was administered 200 mg/kg ethanol extract of Gongronema Latifolium. Group 3 received 200 mg/kg ethyl acetate fraction of same extract. Administration was via oral gavage and lasted for 14 days. The rats were sacrificed and blood samples collected into plain bottles, and centrifuged for serum. Laboratory tests were done for serum concentrations of electrolytes. The kidneys were also harvested for organ weight and histological studies. Result shows that both extracts decreased (p<0.01) serum levels of sodium and chloride ions, and increased (p<0.01) potassium and bicarbonate ions, all within normal values. There was no significant change in the weight of kidneys across the groups. Histology of the kidneys showed no derangement in their cellular architecture following administration of extracts. This therefore implies that Gongronema latifolium does not result in electrolyte imbalance, and does not impact negatively on the kidney.

  4. Dr. Aashee Verma, Dr. Prerna Hoogan Teja, Dr. Shruti Mittal and Dr. Gunjan Aneja

    Symmetry of the face is the one of the most important features for the perception of attractiveness. Symmetry means both sides of the face, right and left, are alike. Many human body parts undergo development with bilateral symmetry. This implies that the right and left sides can be divided into identical mirror images, but the face often presents with a mild degree of asymmetry. The degree of asymmetry has a negative impact on functional and facial aesthetics. Anthropological research has shown that symmetry and averageness are important keys to the attractiveness of human faces. In today’s era, facial attractiveness is valued the most and multiple measures are taken to maintain or achieve facial attractiveness. There are multiple causes to cause facial asymmetry in an individual. There are various etiological factors leading to facial asymmetry. It can be congenital, developmental, acquired or neurological. To diagnose asymmetry, a multiple steps take place starting from clinical examination to radiographic examination. Clinical examination includes visual inspection of the face. Medical history of the patient helps in determining the cause of asymmetry. Similarly, dental history records any history of trauma, previous extractions, caries etc. in extra oral examination, frontal evaluation is done to evaluate midline. Photographs with frontal view (relaxed and smiling), profile view and oblique view are used to assess any gross asymmetry between the two sides of the face. While clinical examination is an important step in diagnosis, radiographic examination is provide valuable information. Posterior-anterior cephalogram plays lead role in the diagnosis of asymmetry, alongside other modalities such as Lateral cephalogram, orthopantomogram, MRI, CBCT scan, CT scan. Treatment modalities can be surgical or non surgical. Treatment planning also depends on the asymmetry diagnosed during what age group i.e. children, adolescents or adults.

  5. Dr. Renuka Nagarale, Dr. Neetu Kadu, Shruti Agrawal, Meherin Shaikh, Uzma Tabassum and Mubasshira Sheikh

    Introduction: The dental profession nowadays is a highly demanding and stressful environment. Dental professionals encounter a great deal of stress in the form of academics and at work in clinics. Headaches are a major and common neurological problem and are the main reason for decreased work performance, absenteeism, and behavioral disturbances in dental professionals. Aim: In the current incidence of increasing stressful conditions in dental professionals, the present study was carried out with the aim of assessing the prevalence and characteristics of sensory stimulation-induced headaches in dental professionals in Pune, India. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among undergraduate and postgraduate dental students, as well as dental practitioners in Pune. Participants were requested to complete the questionnaire using an online Google Form platform and provide their ratings and responses based on personal experiences. Consequently, the collected data were subjected to comprehensive statistical analysis using Statistical Product and Service Solution (SPSS) version 22, and descriptive statistics were employed to compare and analyze the obtained results. Results: The headache was found to be prevalent in 88% of subjects included in the study. Over 40.8% of subjects experience throbbing pain. 66.4% of subjects experience fatigue, and 50% of them show mood changes like premonitory symptoms. The most triggering factor of the headache is odor, i.e., 81.6%. 67.6% experience difficulty in concentrating, and 31.2% experience nausea. About 40.4% of subjects are exposed to dental chair light for 2-4 hours of work. Over 16.4% of subjects have missed work in past years due to headaches. 76.4% of subjects alleviate headaches through sleeping. Conclusion: It can be concluded from the present study that the characteristics of sensory stimulation are a significant reason for headaches among dental professionals.

  6. Mrs. Seema Maheswari, A., Lokho Asani, Manisha Adhikari, Megha Yadav, Misha Dhanerwal and Reeba Gloria James

    Pain perception is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, are described in terms of such damage (1). The present study is aimed to assess the effectiveness distraction technique on pain perception during venipuncture among children in the age group of 1-5 years at AIIMS ,Raipur,C.G. Methods: The research design used was Quasi-experimental non equivalent control group post test only design. The investigator selected 60 samples using purposive sampling technique and who are fulfilling the inclusion criteria were selected as the sample in experimental and control group. Measurement of pain experienced by the children 1-5year was assessed with help of FLACC scale. Results:The findings shows that out of 30 sample in the experimental group majority 16(53.33%) had moderate pain, 12(40%) had severe pain and 2(6.66%) had mild pain and in control group majority 18(60%) had severe pain and 12(40%) had severe pain. In the experimental group, the post test level of mean pain score was 6.2 with S.D 0.18 and in the control group the post test mean score was 7.9 with S.D 0.25.The mean difference score was 1.7. The calculated‘t’ value of 4.5* was statistically significant at p<0.05 level indicating that there was significant difference in the post test level of pain between the experimental and the control group. Conclusion: The study results concluded that the animated cartoon video as distraction technique was very responsive in reducing the venipuncture pain among the children in the age group of 1-5 years.

  7. N’DRI N’gotta Amoin Tatiana, GBAKAYORO Jean-Brice, KUNINDJANI Adou Koffi and AMOIKON KouakouErnest

    This essay is a journey Fish, shrimp and crab powders are in certain are as used as a substitute for meat, fish and seafood by populations. The objective of this study was to determine the biochemical composition of these powders in order to check if they cancover the protein and mineral needs of consumers populations. For this, fish, shrimp and crab powdersal ready produced by the women sellers of the Adjamémarkets were taken rand omly, and other powders were made in the laboratory. The composition of macronutrients and minerals was determined by standard methods. The results showed that, with the exception of shrimp powder, fish and shrimp powders collected from the Adjamé markets had humidity percentages lower than 10%. These powders had high protein contents (from 37.59% ± 1.64 to 61.45% ± 1.9) and ash (from 10.47% ± 0.14 to 26.93% ± 0.53). ) and low lipids contents (from 4.33% ± 0.19 to 4.77% ± 0.36) and low carbohydrates (from 4.43% ± 2.89 to 9.45 % ± 1.315). Likewise, they had variable contents of all the minerals studied, with high values of phosphorus (from 9.22 ± 0.41 mg/100g to 13.44 ± 0.8 mg/100g), potassium (from 5.45 ± 1.1 mg/100g to 6.84 ± 0.6 mg/100g) and calcium (from 6.79 ± 1.3 mg/100g to 17.29 ± 0.43 mg/100g).Also, all the powders made in the laboratory had humidity percentages less than 10%, high protein and ash contents, and low carbohydrate and lipid contents. However, the powders produced in the markets had higher carbohydrate contents and lower proteins contents, which suggests that the women sellers added carbohydrates or unknown ingredients to the different powders for economic purposes.

  8. Dr. Meena, O.P., Dr. Ajay Singh, Dr. Gautam Kumar Bunker, Dr. Umesh Meena and Dr. Shekhar Gurjar

    Background: Patients with chronic liver disease need to undergo screening with an upper Gl endoscopy to detect esophageal varices and to institute prophylactic measures in patients with large esophageal varices at the time of diagnosis and during follow up. This poses social and medical burden due to the greater number of cirrhotic patients and lesser number of endoscopic units. In this study we aim to identify the non invasive predictors of esophageal varices particularly portal vein, splenic vein diameter and portal vein/splenic vein diameter ratio. Objective: Assessment of the correlation between the ratio of portal vein and splenic vein diameter with the grading of esophageal varices and portal hypertensive gastropathy in a group of 50 patients diagnosed with chronic liver disease. Materials and methods: Observational study of 50 patients of chronic liver disease were included between June 2022 and November 2022. Relevant clinical parameters were assessed which included physical examination, complete hemogram, biochemical workup. upper GI endoscopy for Grading of varices and portal hypertensive gastropathy and ultrasonographic measurement of portal vein diameter and splenic vein diameter. Portal vein/Splenic vein diameter ratio was calculated for all patients. Results: Among the 50 patients studied males predominated the study with 80%. Out of the study population 96% of the patients had varices. Higher grades of esophageal varices exists with higher PVD and greater PVD/SVD ratio. In our study we observed that those with Grade 1 esophageal varices had mean PVD/SVD ratio of 1.37 ± 0.08, those with Grade 2 varices had 1.45 ± 0.08 and cases with grade 3 varices had mean ratio of 1.55 ± 0.08, p value was <0.05, which is statistically significant. Moreover we observed that those with mild PHG had mean PVD/SVD ratio of 1.45 ± 0.11, those with moderate PHG had 1.47 ± 0.05 and cases with severe PHG had mean ratio of 1.59 ± 0.07, p value was <0.05, which is statistically significant. Conclusion: From our study we conclude that as PVD/SVD ratio increases there is higher chances of esophageal varices and portal hypertensive gastropathy as well hence prediction of esophageal varices by ratio of portal vein Splenic vein diameter via ultrasound reduce the burden on the endoscopy units, avoiding unnecessary screening endoscopies. Apart from being noninvasive, portal vein diameter and Splenic vein diameter ratio count is a relatively inexpensive and easily reproducible.

  9. Dr. Mandeep Kaur, Dr. Renu Bala Sroa, Dr. Baljeet Kumar, Dr. Avneet Kaur, Dr. Nisha and Dr. Yashika Bhambri

    Trauma of developing teeth may lead to pulpal necrosis with subsequent arrestment of root development, making them more susceptible to fracture. Regenerative endodontic procedures induce maturogenesis in necrotic immature permanent teeth in order to promote continuation of root growth This case report describes the Revascularization of a Permanent Immature Maxillary left central incisor with Pulp Necrosis and asymptomatic apical periodontitis. Access opening was done & the canal was disinfected with copious irrigation using 5.25% NaOCl and triple antibiotic paste (Ciprofloxacin, Metronidazole, and Minocycline) as intracanal medicament. After the disinfection protocol is complete, it is followed by revascularization procedure. The apex was mechanically irritated to initiate bleeding into the canal to produce a blood clot to the level just below the level of cementoenamel junction. Mineral trioxide aggregate was placed over the blood clot followed by bonded resin restoration above it. The patient was recalled at follow-ups after seven days, three, six and nine months. No symptoms such as pain, inflammation, discomfort was observed during the review period and there was radiographic evidence of continuing thickness of dentinal walls.

  10. Dr. Thendral M., Dr. Suhas Kulkarni, Dr. Priti Kamble and Dr. Anjali Agroya

    16-year-old female patient Radhika born of a 2 consanguineous marriage, presented with repeated episodes of cough, cold and fever for 2 years of age, was repeatedly investigated and has been undergoing treatment for the same. In 2016, HRCT was done, which revealed features of bronchiectasis. In December 2019 patient got admitted for LRTI in CPR Hospital. She had anaemia, hepatitis, and hepatosplenomegaly. HRCT was repeated and which was strongly suggestive of Koch’s. Patient was given Hepato safe ATT for 6 months. Later pt presented with fever for 15 days on and off, vomiting, and abdominal pain for 4 days and breathlessness on examination pt was icteric after lab report pt was diagnosed as autoimmune haemolytic anaemia. In case of Recurrent respiratory infections, bronchiectasis, autoimmunity one should suspects primary immunodeficiency. Lymphocyte subset analysis and genetic studies aided the diagnosis. Only the early diagnosis and intervention can prevent the complications in these patients

  11. Somdattaa Ray, Vikram V Kamath, Arjun Raju, P., Shrithi Karanth, Rajesh, K. N., Madhusudhan, H. V., Praveen, K. S., Arun Kumar, M.A., Prahlad S.T. and Shalini, N.

    Mucormycosis is a life threatening infection due to spores of phycomycetes fungi. Rhino orbital involvement with subsequent intracranial extension is the most commonly affected region. COVID 19 infection was associated with a surge of rhino orbital cerebral mucormycosis. Isolated cerebral mucormycosis is a rare clinical entity. We report a patient who following COVID infection, presented as stroke, but on further evaluation was found to have isolated cerebral mucormycosis. Case report- A 62 year old lady who following COVID 19 infection, presented with right upper and lower limb weakness on awakening. MRI brain was suggestive of acute ischemic infarct in centrum semiovale. Repeat MRI brain after 2 days showed increasing size of the lesion with microhemorrhages and peripheral contrast enhancement suggestive of fungal etiology. There was no evidence of rhino orbital disease clinically or in imaging. Patient underwent stereotactic biopsy that confirmed the diagnosis of mucormycosis. Conclusion- Isolated cerebral mucormycosis can present as stroke. Since stroke following COVID infection is a frequent occurrence, absence of rhino orbital involvement in a case of cerebral mucormycosis requires a high index of suspicion for diagnosis.

  12. Lalitha Sravani Kanumalla, Ramyasaketha Narayanam, Chandrabhatla Srinivas Kumar and Jayalakshmi Pandranki

    Introduction: The selection of appropriate treatment agents is critical in regenerative endodontics to ensure successful revascularization outcomes. Ozonated oil and water, known for their potent antibacterial and oxidation properties, offer a novel class of disinfectants. This study aims to evaluate the biocompatibility of ozonated olive oil and other commonly used irrigating solutions in regenerative endodontics, specifically focusing on their impact on red blood cells (RBCs). Objective: This research assesses the cytotoxic effects of ozonated olive oil and other irrigating solutions commonly employed in regenerative endodontics on red blood cells, aiming to identify potential alternatives with minimal adverse effects. Methods: Five test solution groups were established: Group I - 3% NaOCl, Group II - 1.5% NaOCl, Group III - 17% EDTA, Group IV - Ozonated olive oil, and Group V - Normal saline (control). Thirty-five test tubes containing diluted RBC suspensions were assigned randomly to these groups (seven per group). Each test tube received 100 microliters of the respective irrigant, followed by a 3-minute incubation and subsequent centrifugation. Hemoglobin (Hb%) concentration in the resulting supernatant was measured to estimate cytotoxicity. Statistical analyses employed Analysis of Variance and Tukey's Post Hoc analysis. Results: Among the test solutions, 3% NaOCl demonstrated the highest cytotoxicity, while normal saline exhibited the lowest, with mean Hb concentrations of 0.515 g/dl and 0.043 g/dl, respectively, due to hemolysis. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences among the various test groups (p = 0.001). Ozonated olive oil demonstrated cytotoxicity levels similar to saline, with no statistically significant difference between them (p = 0.988). Conclusion: In comparison to 3% NaOCl, 1.5% NaOCl, and 17% EDTA, ozonated olive oil displayed lower levels of cytotoxicity and released Hb concentration (0.086 g/dl). This suggests that ozonated olive oil holds promise as a potentially favorable adjunct irrigant for regenerative endodontic procedures, due to its reduced impact on red blood cells.

  13. Huang Yongkang, Hua Siwei, Fu Zhihan, Yu Chunwei, Zhang Jun

    In this work, a new fluorescent probe P based on naphthalimide was constructed to detect Fe3+ over other metal ions. The addition of Fe3+ to the solution of P caused an obvious fluorescent quenching at 400 nm.

  14. Dipti Maurya, Divya Singh, Saumya Singh, Pradip Kumar and Rohit Singh

    This paper is an attempt to analyze the condition of slum dwellers in Lucknow city based on five indicators. Rapid urbanization, accompanied by sustained population growth due to large-scale migration from rural to urban centers, leads to mushrooming slum settlements in all cities and towns in India. The urban population in India has grown from 78.9 million in 1961 to 377 million in 2011 and is estimated to be doubled in the next 25 years. There will inevitably be more people living in cities. They are increasingly facing the negative consequences of rapid urbanization, such as polarization of population in large cities, unemployment, acute shortages of housing and basic civic amenities, crime, degradation of the environment, traffic congestion, slum and squatter settlements, pollution, poverty, and social unrest. This paper examines the quality of life (QOL) of different slums in Lucknow city. The study is based on primary as well as secondary data. Primary data are collected through an interview schedule and a field survey of 180 households of randomly selected slums. This paper reveals that 95.90% of families live in thatched houses; more than 99.50% of people are still illiterate, less than 48% of the population accesses government medical facilities, more than 56% of people go for open defecation, only 34% of households use tap water and 84% of areas have very poor sewage disposal facilities. This evaluation shows a wretched picture of slums and requires better policies from the government.

Social Sciences and Humanities

  1. Nguyen Quang Vinh, Hoàng Minh Ngọc and Pham Thi Thu Thuy

    The study's objective is to analyze the impact of knowledge management on employee motivation in E-Commerce enterprises in Hanoi City. Through the survey and study of relevant documents, research has proposed a model of 4 factors of knowledge management model: Knowledge transfer, Knowledge application, Knowledge protection, and Knowledge sharing. The survey questionnaire was e-mailed to 489 employees of e-commerce businesses in Hanoi. From the structural equation model (SEM) analysis results, all hypotheses have been accepted, including Knowledge transfer, Knowledge application, Knowledge protection, and Knowledge sharing, which positively impact employee motivation in E-Commerce Enterprises in Hanoi City. The discussion, conclusion, limitations, and suggestions for future research are also discussed in this study

  2. Kaji Abdul Kafi

    martphone is a great invention. At present time, smartphone has become an integral and important part of every individual’s daily life. The purpose of the study is to find out the relationship between smartphone usage and academic performance of higher secondary students. Descriptive survey method was adopted for the present study. 200 higher secondary students were selected as sample from four schools by applying Purposive sampling technique. Data was collected by administering a structured questionnaire developed by Mukhdoomi et.al,. Data were analyzed by applying Mean, SD, Correlation and Independent Sample t-test with the help of SPSS. On the basis of analysis of data, it was found that there is no significant correlation between smartphone usage and academic performance of higher secondary students. Furthermore, result showed that there is no significant difference of smartphone usage among the students in relation to their gender and locality. The results of this study may help the administrators and policy makers to understand the effect of smartphone usage on students’ academic life and may also help them to encourage students to use smartphone towards educative use rather than non-educative use.

  3. MEWEZINO Esso-Mondjonna, LAWANI Ayemi Akessime and POROMNA Pagnamam

    For too long parents were not involved in the collaborative experience, therefore their concerns were not voiced. Today, then, it is not surprising that collaboration between teachers and parents has become even more important because of the relevance in achieving new school reform requirements that promote equitable practices for every student. The aim of this study, carried out during a research residency in the United States, was to evaluate teachers and students’ perceptions of parental involvement in school activities. Survey questionnaires were administered to both teachers and students in a high school setting. Finding revealed that while most teachers agree that parental involvement improve school achievement, only one third of students agree that their grades improve when they get help from home. Furthermore, while teachers would like to see greater parental involvement, only a small minority of students would like their parents to visit the school. This illustrates a difference in perception between these two groups. The results’ discussion illustrates that parental involvement at all grade levels can contribute to the academic and behavioral performance of students. When parents work collaboratively with schools, they assist in ensuring that effective practices are employed. Doing that helps solve problems and improving education.

  4. Imoisi Simon

    Surrogacy is an arrangement where a person carries and gives birth to a baby for another person, for example, a couple who can't be pregnant themselves. The issue of child birth has been a challenge to many couples in Nigeria which has resulted in acrimony among couples leading to gross misunderstanding, separations and divorce. Reports have shown that the number of persons who cannot give birth to babies by themselves is on the increase. Couples who desire the surrogacy option are on the increase. There is no legal framework for surrogacy practice in Nigeria. The aim of this paper therefore is to examine the concept of surrogacy. The paper also advocates the need for legal framework to regulate surrogacy practice in Nigeria.

  5. Dyanel D Costa and Dr. V. Basil Hans

    Purpose: Grasp the demands of customers and look for more company prospects, develop the ideal marketing strategy, reduce losses, and monitor the competition. Consumers can access a wide range of goods and services from across the world because of retailers, and the retail industry strengthens the national economy and adds jobs. The purpose of this study is to investigate the issues and tactics faced by Indian retail stores, as suggested by the study's title. Design/ Methodology/ Approach: This paper is an analysis of secondary data obtained from a variety of sources related to retail stores and marketing strategies, including research papers, journal articles, and journal papers found by searching relevant key words in Google Scholar, relevant websites,and information from reports on problems and strategies of retail stores. Findings: Retailers may make informed decisions about developing products, pricing, promotion, and distribution techniques by having an in-depth understanding of their target market, their rivals, and the most current market conditions. Retail analytics can be used to track inventory levels, analyse customer buying patterns, and assess the success of advertising strategies. The study of data analysis, data gathering, and data reporting in relation to retail operations is known as retail analytics. Originality/Value: A research-based case study on analysis of the Problems and strategy of retail store in India. Paper Type: Research Case Study

  6. Joël MAHAN

    Cet article que nous présentons porte sur la numérisation de l’éducation en Côte d’Ivoire : approche composite. Il vise à faire une compilation des connaissances des enseignants-apprenants sur l’utilisation des ressources numériques, les effets de cette utilisation et les conditions de leur usage réussi dans le système éducatif ivoirien. Ces connaissances sont préparées, évaluées et traitées de manière à ce que le numérique dans les institutions éducatives puisse être décrit, expliqué et évalué. Il s’agit également à déterminer les différentes approches des acteurs de l’éducation ivoirienne sur la numérisation de l’éducation. Sachant que la numérisation de l’éducation est l’une des conditions essentielles à l’amélioration du système éducatif ivoirien, son intégration à l’école va transformer profondément l’environnement de l’enseignement-apprentissage. En effet, l’évolution numérique offre de nouvelles opportunités pour l’enseignement-apprentissage, elle place aussi l’école face à des défis de taille. Il faut donc révolutionner l’éducation pour préparer nos enfants au monde qui les attend. Ainsi, pour examiner la numérisation mise en œuvre dans cette étude, nous avons distribué un questionnaire et effectué, en parallèle, quelques entretiens avec les acteurs de l’éducation en Côte d’Ivoire (enseignants, apprenants, conseillers pédagogiques, etc.). Ces deux démarches complémentaires nous permettront de mettre en évidence l’importance des ressources du numériques dans l’enseignement-apprentissage et la représentation des acteurs de l’éducation ivoirienne de cet outil.

  7. Dr. KS Sreekar P MSW

    Nepal, a country known for its stunning landscapes and rich cultural heritage, was jolted once again by a powerful earthquake just yesterday. The memories of the devastating 2015 earthquake are still fresh in the minds of the Nepalese people, and the recent seismic event serves as a stark reminder of the region’s vulnerability to tectonic activity. In this article, we will explore the earthquake that struck Nepal recently, its impact, and the resilience of the Nepalese people in the face of adversity.

  8. Ali Degboehlin, Dr. Théophile Houndjo and Dr. Célestin Gbaguidi

    While scrutinizing African political governance issue, it gives the feeling to be in an eternal nightmare in which African populations have no possibility to escape from political violence and social inequality. Indeed, after African countries’ independences, violence and social inequality have soared up in the political arena. This article aims at revealing the issue of political deviance in Africa in order to awake Africans to put an end to it. In Alobwed’ Epie’s The Death Certificate and Gorgui Dieng’s A Leap out of the Dark, the two authors criticize political mismanagement. The results of this research paper are displayed in two points. First, the division of African social organisation as a direct negative consequence of bad governance and then the embezzlement or their countries’ wealth by politicians, two main obstacles to Africa’s economic, political and social take off. Some literary theories such as Post-colonialism, Narratology, socio-criticism and New Historicism help to scrutinize the specific aspects of the article.

  9. Smt. Vaishali R. Bendre and Dr. Kirankumar Bannigol

    Sustainable development has become a buzzword today. In a broader way, all the countries are under one roof and all the people are living in one family. Each country is facing different kinds of problems. In order to eradicate the problems faced by the countries, the United Nations (UN) decided to combat these issues by joining hands together for mutual help and cooperation. It thus, gave a call to all its member nations to overcome seventeen threats or challenges faced by the countries across the globe. These goals were adopted by 193 countries in 2015. A total of 17 Sustainable Development Goals were mentioned in the Agenda. It is popularly known as the SDGs of the 2030 Agenda. Its major motto was to achieve victory over the 17 problems faced by the countries also ensuring that no country is left behind in achieving these goals. By 2030, these goals are expected to be achieved, requiring great compassion and good decision-making.. The paper is based on secondary data. The study has been conducted to understand the extent to which global goals are achieved and the drawbacks behind not achieving the targets. It is observed that some of the goals are achieved in some member countries and not in others. The reasons found are the occurrence of the Covid pandemic and also a failure of the Government to frame necessary policies for proper implementation of the goals.

  10. Dr. KS Sreekar P., MSW

    Case Study of chenchu tribe living in nallamala forest A tribe is a social group with territorial affiliation, endogamous, with no specialisation of function ruled by tribal officers, hereditary or otherwise, united in language or dialect, recognising social distance with other tribes, caste, without any social obloquy attaching to them as it does in the caste structure following tribal traditions, belief and customs illiberal 3 of naturalisation of ideas from alien sources, above all conscious of homogeneity of ethnic and territorial integration.

  11. KOUASSI Konan, KOFFI Kouadio Athanase and BRISSY Olga Adeline

    Despite the intensification of control measures and the policy of free treatment in Côte d'Ivoire, malaria remains a health problem and a factor of vulnerability for mothers of children under 5. This study aims to analyze the influence of malaria in children under 5 on the vulnerability of mothers. The results of this study are based on data from the field survey and documentary research. The survey was carried out among 389 mothers who had brought their children to the paediatric ward for a malaria-related consultation. The survey covered a three-month period from June to August 2021. The study revealed that the high incidence of diagnosed malaria in children under 5 years of age is the result of local environmental conditions conducive to the proliferation of vector species. The risk of exposure to Anopheles bites is highest among children living near shallows, garbage dumps, grass clumps, stagnant puddles and in households where mothers store water in uncovered containers. In addition, childhood malaria causes mothers to lose between three and twenty-six days of activity per year. This loss of activity varies significantly according to socio-professional category, and also has a significant influence on the depletion of the savings of the mothers surveyed. Secondly, 17% of the mothers surveyed had contracted a debt ranging from 10 000 CFA francs ($16.15) to 30 000 CFA francs ($48.44), especially in the case of neuromalaria. This study leads to the conclusion that malaria endemicity among children due to precarious local environmental conditions is a factor in the economic vulnerability of mothers of children under 5 in the town of Zuénoula.





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